Screened-Out Meta-Analyses for Practices

Description

We have identified thousands of programs and practices in our literature reviews, but not every intervention makes it onto CrimeSolutions with a rating.

We use rigorous research to inform you about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice and crime victim services. We set a high bar for the scientific quality of the evidence used to assign ratings. Much of the evidence that we identify is screened out before going to review. See Why Meta-analyses Are Screened Out.

Following is a list of meta-analyses that were screened out during the initial review. 

Screened-Out Meta Analyses
Reference Primary Topic Practice Topic
Abt, Thomas, and Christopher Winship. 2016. What Works in Reducing Community Violence: A Meta-Review and Field Study for the Northern Triangle. Washington, D.C.: United States Agency for International Development. Crime Prevention Community Violence Prevention Interventions
Allen, Michele L., Diego Garcia–Huidobro, Carolyn Porta, Dorothy Curran, Roma Patel, Jonathan Miller, and Iris Borowsky. 2016. “Effective Parenting Interventions to Reduce Youth Substance Use: A Systematic Review.” Pediatrics 138(2):e20154425. Juvenile Justice Parenting Interventions to Reduce Youth Substance Use
Alves–Costa, Filipa, Catherine Hamilton–Giachritsis, Hope Christie, Mariette van Denderen, and Sarah Halligan. 2019. “Psychological Interventions for Individuals Bereaved by Homicide: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 22(4):793–803. Corrections Psychological Interventions for Individuals Bereaved by Homicide
Amato, Laura, Marina Davoli, Silvia Minozzi, Eliana Ferroni, Robert Ali, and Marica Ferri. 2013. “Methadone at Tapered Doses for the Management of Opioid Withdrawal.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD003409. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003409.pub4 Drugs and Substance Abuse Tapered Methadone Doses for Management of Opioid Withdrawal
Anderson, Elizabeth J., Keegan C. Krause, Caitlin Meyer Krause, Abby Welter, D. Jean McClelland, David O. Garcia, Kacey Ernst, Elise C. Lopez, and Mary P. Koss. 2019. “Web-Based and mHealth Interventions for Intimate-Partner Violence Victimization Prevention: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, online first. Victims and Victimization Web-Based and mHealth Interventions for Prevention of Intimate-Partner Violence Victimization
Andrews, Donald A., Ivan Zinger, Robert D. Hoge, James Bonta, Paul Gendreau, and Francis T. Cullen. 1990. “Does Correctional Treatment Work? A Clinically Relevant and Psychologically Informed Meta-Analysis.” Criminology 28:369–404. Corrections Correctional Treatment
Auty, Katherine M., Aiden Cope, and Alison Liebling. 2017. “Psychoeducational Programs for Reducing Prison Violence: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior, published online 18 January 2017. Corrections Psychoeducational Programs for Reducing Prison Violence
Baetz, Carly Lyn, Christopher Edward Branson, Emily Weinberger, Raquel E. Rose, Eva Petkova, Sarah McCue Horwitz, and Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood. 2021. “The Effectiveness of PTSD Treatment for Adolescents in the Juvenile Justice System: A Systematic Review.” Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, online first. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0001073 Juvenile Justice Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Treatment for Adolescents in the Juvenile Justice System
Baptista, Rafael Rocha de Oliveira, and Grazielle Tagliamento. 2021. “Effectiveness of Interventions With Male Perpetrators of Violence Against Women: A Narrative Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 58:101583. Corrections Interventions for Male Perpetrators of Violence Against Women
Barlow, Jane, Cathy Bennett, Nick Midgley, Soili K. Larkin, and Yinghui Wei. 2015. “Parent–Infant Psychotherapy for Improving Parental and Infant Mental Health: A Systematic Review.” Cochrane Systematic Reviews 6. Juvenile Justice Parent–Infant Psychotherapy for Parental and Infant Mental Health
Barlow, Jane, Isabelle Johnston, Denise Kendrick, Leon Polnay, and Sarah Stewart–Brown. 2006. “Individual and Group-Based Parenting Programmes for the Treatment of Physical Child Abuse and Neglect (Review).” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 3. Victims and Victimization Individual and Group-Based Parenting Programs for the Treatment of Physical Child Abuse and Neglect
Barnett, Paul G., John H. Rodgers, and Daniel A. Bloch. 2001. “A Meta-Analysis Comparing Buprenorphine to Methadone for Treatment of Opiate Dependence.” Addiction 96:683–90. Drugs and Substance Abuse Buprenorphine Compared With Methadone Treatment of Opiate Dependence
Bartlett, Annie, Elhum Jhanji, Sarah White, Mari Anne Harty, Judith Scammell, and Sarah Allen. 2015. “Interventions With Women Offenders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Mental Health Gain.” Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology 26(2):133–65 Corrections Treatment for Women Offenders
Barton, Alexa, Stefanie McLaney, and Dionne Stephens. 2020. “Targeted Interventions for Violence Among Latinx Youth: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 53:101434. Juvenile Justice Target Interventions for Violence Among Latinx Youth
Beaudry, Gabrielle, Rongqin Yu, Amanda Elizabeth Perry, and Seena Fazel. 2021. “Effectiveness of Psychological Interventions in Prison to Reduce Recidivism: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.” Lancet Psychiatry 8:759–73. Corrections Psychological Interventions in Prison to Reduce Recidivism
Beck, Richard, and Ephrem Fernandez. 1998. “Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Anger: A Meta-Analysis.” Cognitive Therapy and Research 22(1):63–74. Juvenile Justice Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Youth With Anger
Belur, Jyoti, Winifred Agnew–Pauley, Brendan McGinley, and Lisa Tompson. 2019. “A Systematic Review of Police Recruit Training Programmes.” Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, published online first. Law Enforcement Police Recruit Training Programs
Bender, Kimberly, Stephen J. Tripodi, Christy Sarteschi, and Michael G. Vaughn. 2011. “A Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Reduce Adolescent Cannabis Use.” Research on Social Work Practice 21:153–64. Juvenile Justice Interventions to Reduce Adolescent Cannabis Use
Bettmann, Joanna E.; H.L. Gillis; Elizabeth A. Speelman; Kimber J. Parry; and Jonathan M. Case. 2016. “A Meta-Analysis of Wilderness Therapy Outcomes for Private Pay Clients.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 25:2659–73. Juvenile Justice Wilderness Therapy for Private Pay Clients
Birch, Philip, and Erin Cox. 2019. “Immediate Responses by Service Providers After a Violent Critical Incident: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 46:8–14. Victims and Victimization Service Providers Immediate Responses After a Violent Critical Incident
Bird, Karen Schucan, and Ian Shemilt. 2019. “The Crime, Mental Health, and Economic Impacts of Prearrest Diversion of People With Mental Health Problems: A Systematic Review.” Criminal Behavior and Mental Health, published online first. Law Enforcement Prearrest Diversion for People With Mental Health Problems
Bisson, J., and M. Andrew. 2009. “Psychological Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) [Review].” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1. Victims and Victimization Psychological Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Black, David S., Joel Milam, and Steve Sussman. 2009. “Sitting-Meditation Interventions Among Youth: A Review of Treatment Efficacy.” Pediatrics 124(3):e532–41. Juvenile Justice Sitting-Meditation Interventions for Youth
Blaya, Catherine. 2019 “Cyberhate: A Review and Content Analysis of Intervention Strategies.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 45:163–72. Crime Prevention Cyberhate Intervention Strategies
Booth, Alison, Arabella Scantlebury, Adwoa Hughes–Morley, Natasha Mitchell, Kath Wright, William Scott, and Catriona McDaid. 2017. “Mental Health Training Programmes for Non–Mental Health Trained Professionals Coming Into Contact With People With Mental Ill Health: A Systematic Review of Effectiveness.” BMC Psychiatry 17:196–220. Law Enforcement Mental Health Training Programs for Non–Mental Health Professionals Coming Into Contact With People With Mental Ill Health
Bourke, Matthew, Rhiannon K. Patten, Sarah Dash, Michaela Pascoe, Melinda Craike, Joseph Firth, Alan Bailey, Felice Jacka, and Alexandra G. Parker. 2021. “The Effect of Interventions That Target Multiple Modifiable Health Behaviors on Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Young People: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.” Journal of Adolescent Health, published online first. Juvenile Justice Targeted Treatment for Young People With Anxiety and Depression
Brooks–Gordon, Belinda, Charlotte Bilby, and Helene Wells. 2006. “A Systematic Review of Psychological Interventions for Sexual Offenders I: Randomised Control Trials.” Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology 17(3):442–66. Corrections Psychological Interventions for Sexual Offenders
Brown, Randall T. 2010. “Systematic Review of the Impact of Adult Drug-Treatment Courts.” Translational Research 155(6):263–74. Courts Adult Drug-Treatment Courts
Brown, Wilson J., Daniel Dewey, Brian E. Bunnell, Stephen J. Boyd, Allison K. Wilkerson, Melissa A. Mitchell, and Steven E. Bruce. 2018. “A Critical Review of Negative Affect and the Application of CBT for PTSD.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 19(2):176–94. Victims and Victimization Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Burnes, David, Andie MacNeil, Aliya Nowaczynski, Christine Sheppard, Leeann Trevors, Erica Lenton, Mark S. Lachs, and Karl Pillemer. 2021. “A Scoping Review of Outcomes in Elder Abuse Intervention Research: The Current Landscape and Where to Go Next.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 57:101476. Crime Prevention Elder Abuse Interventions
Byrne, Gary, and Aine Ni Ghrada. 2019. “The Application and Adoption of Four ‘Third Wave’ Psychotherapies for Mental Health Difficulties and Aggression Within Correction and Forensic Settings: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 46:45–55. Corrections ‘Third Wave’ Psychotherapies for People in Correctional and Forensic Settings With Mental Health Difficulties and Aggression
Byrne, Gary. 2020. “A Systematic Review of Treatment Interventions for Individuals With Intellectual Disability and Trauma Symptoms: A Review of the Recent Literature.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, posted online first. Victims and Victimization Treatment for Individuals With Intellectual Disability and Trauma Symptoms
Campie, Patricia E., and Jake Sokolsky. 2016. Systematic Review of Factors That Impact Implementation Quality of Child Welfare, Public Health, and Education Programs for Adolescents: Implications for Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Justice Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts
Cantone, Elisa, Anna P. Piras, Marcello Vellante, Antonello Preti, Sigrun Daníelsdóttir, Ernesto D’Aloja, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathhias C. Angermeyer, Mauro G. Carta, and Dinesh Bhugra. 2015. “Interventions on Bullying and Cyberbullying in Schools: A Systematic Review.” Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health 11(Suppl 1:M4):58–76. Juvenile Justice Interventions for Bullying and Cyberbullying in Schools
Cary, Colleen E., and J. Curtis McMillen. 2012. “The Data Behind the Dissemination: A Systematic Review of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Use With Children and Youth.” Children and Youth Services Review 34:748–57. Juvenile Justice Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children and Youth
Chen, Ying–Ren, Kuo–Wei Hung, Jui–Chen Tsai, Hsin Chu, Min–Huey Chung, Su–Ru Chen, Yuan–Mei Liao, Keng–Liang Ou, Yue–Cune Chang, and Kuei–Ru Chou. 2014. “Efficacy of Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Patients With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.” PLoS One 9(8). Victims and Victimization Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Patients With PTSD
Cheng, Shih–Ying, Maxine Davis, Melissa Jonson–Reid, and Lauren Yaeger. 2021. “Compared to What? A Meta-Analysis of Batterer Intervention Studies Using Nontreated Controls or Comparisons.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 22(3):495–511. Courts Batterer Interventions
Clark, Nicolas C., Nicholas Lintzeris , Alan Gijsbers, Greg Whelan, Adrian Dunlop, Alison Ritter, and Walter W. Ling. 2002. “LAAM Maintenance Versus Methadone Maintenance for Heroin Dependence.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2002, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD002210. Drugs and Substance Abuse LAAM Maintenance Compared With Methadone Maintenance for Heroin Dependence
Cleaver, Karen, Pam Maras, Charlotte Oram, and Karen McCallum. 2019. “A Review of UK–Based Multi-Agency Approaches to Early Intervention in Domestic Abuse: Lessons to Be Learnt From Existing Evaluation Studies.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 46:140–55. Crime Prevention United Kingdom–Based Multi-Agency Approaches for Domestic Abuse
Cooke, Barbara J., and David P. Farrington. 2016. “The Effectiveness of Dog-Training Programs in Prison: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Literature.” Prison Journal 1–23. Corrections Dog-Training Programs
Copeland, Jan, and Izabella Pokorski. 2016. “Progress Toward Pharmacotherapies for Cannabis-Use Disorder: An Evidence-Based Review.” Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation 7:41–53. Drugs and Substance Abuse Pharmacotherapies for Cannabis-Use Disorder
Copenhaver, Michael M., Blair T. Johnson, I–Ching Lee, Jennifer J. Harman, Michael P. Carey, and SHARP Research Team. 2006. “Behavioral HIV Risk Reduction Among People Who Inject Drugs: Meta-Analytic Evidence of Efficacy.” Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 31:163–71. Drugs and Substance Abuse Behavioral HIV Risk Reduction for People Who Inject Drugs
Corcoran, Jacqueline. 2004. “Treatment Outcome Research With the Nonoffending Parents of Sexually Abused Children: A Critical Review.” Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 13:59–84. Victims: Carol Petrie Treatment for Nonoffending Parents of Sexually Abused Children
Cork, Cliodhna, Ross White, Pia Noel, and Niamh Bergin. 2020. “Randomized Controlled Trials of Interventions Addressing Intimate-Partner Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 21(4):643–59. Crime Prevention Interventions Addressing Intimate-Partner Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa
Cotter, Katie L., and Caroline B.R. Evans. 2018. “A Systematic Review of Teen Court Evaluation Studies: A Focus on Evaluation Design Characteristics and Program Components and Processes.” Adolescent Research Review 3(4):425–47. Juvenile Justice Teen Court Programs
Cubitt, Timothy I.C., Rebecca Lesic, Gemma L. Myers, and Robert Corry. 2016. “Body-Worn Video: A Systematic Review of Literature.” Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, available online first. Law Enforcement Body-Worn Videos
Dalton, Kathryn, Lisa Bishop, Stephen Darcy. 2021. “Investigating Interventions That Lead to the Highest Treatment Retention for Emerging Adults With Substance Use Disorder: A Systematic Review.” Addictive Behaviors 122:107005. Drugs and Substance Abuse Treatment for Emerging Adults With Substance Use Disorder
Dau, Philipp M., Christophe Vandeviver, Maite Dewinter, Frank Witlox, and Tom Vander Beken. 2021. “Policing Directions: A Systematic Review on the Effectiveness of Police Presence.” European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, published online first. Law Enforcement Effectiveness of Police Presence
Day, Andrew, Danielle Newton, and Armon Tamatea. 2021. “A Scoping Review of Family Focussed Interventions to Prevent Prison Violence.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, published online first. Corrections Family Focused Interventions to Prevent Prison Violence
De Koker, Petra, Catherine Mathews, Melanie Zuch, Sheri Bastien, and Amanda J. Mason–Jones. 2014 “A Systematic Review of Interventions for Preventing Adolescent Intimate-Partner Violence.” Journal of Adolescent Health 54(1):3–13. Juvenile Justice Interventions for Preventing Adolescent Intimate-Partner Violence
DeGue, Sarah, Linda Anne Valle, Melissa K. Holt, Greta M. Massetti, Jennifer L. Matjasko, and Andra Teten Tharp. 2014. “A Systematic Review of Primary Prevention Strategies for Sexual Violence Perpetration.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 19:346–62. Victims and Victimization Primary Prevention Strategies for Sexual Violence
Dekovic, Maja, Meike I. Slagt, Jessica J. Asscher, Leonieke Boendermaker, Veroni I. Eichelsheim, and Peter Prinzie. 2011. “Effects of Early Prevention Programs on Adult Criminal Offending: A Meta-Analysis.” Clinical Psychology Review 31:532–44. Juvenile Justice Early Prevention Programs for Adult Criminal Offending
Droste, Nicolas, Peter Miller, and Tim Baker. 2014. “Review Article: Emergency Department Data Sharing to Reduce Alcohol-Related Violence: A Systematic Review of the Feasibility and Effectiveness of Community-Level Interventions.” Emergency Medicine Australasia 26(4):326–35. Crime Prevention Community-Level Interventions to Reduce Alcohol-Related Violence
Duncan, Edward A.S., Margaret M. Nicol, Alastair Ager, and Lenard Dalgleish. 2006. “A Systematic Review of Structured Group Interventions With Mentally Disordered Offenders.” Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 16(4):217–41. Corrections Group Interventions for Mentally Disordered Offenders
Dworkin, Emily R., and Julie A. Schumacher. 2018. “Preventing Posttraumatic Stress Related to Sexual Assault Through Early Intervention: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 19(4):459–72. Victims and Victimization Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Related to Sexual Assault
Earnshawa, Valerie A., Sari L. Reisner, David D. Meninob, V. Paul Poteat, Laura M. Bogart, Tia N. Barnes, and Mark A. Schuster. 2018. “Stigma-Based Bullying Interventions: A Systematic Review.” Developmental Review, available online first. Juvenile Justice Stigma-Based Bullying Interventions
Eckhardt, Christopher I., Christopher M. Murphy, Daniel J. Whitaker, Joel Sprunger, Rita Dykstra, and Kim Woodard. 2013. “The Effectiveness of Intervention Programs for Perpetrators and Victims of Intimate-Partner Violence.” Partner Abuse 4(2):196–231. Courts Interventions for Perpetrators and Victims of Intimate-Partner Violence
Hadfield, Emma, Emma Sleath, Sarah Brown, and Emma Holdsworth. 2021. “A Systematic Review Into the Effectiveness of Integrated Offender Management.” Criminology & Criminal Justice 21(5):650–68. Corrections Integrated Offender Management
Engel, Robin S., Hannah D. McManus, and Tamara D. Herold. 2020. The Deafening Demand for De-Escalation Training: A Systematic Review and Call for Evidence in Police Use of Force Reform. Alexandria, Va.: IACP. Law Enforcement De-Escalation Training for Police
Engel, Robin S., Hannah D. McManus, and Tamara D. Herold. 2020. “Does De-Escalation Training Work? A Systematic Review and Call for Evidence in Police Use-of-Force Reform.” Criminology and Public Policy 19:721–59.   De-Escalation Training for Police
Erke, Alena. 2009. “Red Light for Red-Light Cameras? A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Red-Light Cameras on Crashes.” Accident Analysis & Prevention 41(5):897–905. Law Enforcement Red-Light Cameras Impact on Crashes
Evans, Caroline B.R., Katie Cotter Stalker, and Mary Ellen Brown. 2021. “A Systematic Review of Crime/Violence and Substance Use Prevention Programs.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 56:101513. Juvenile Justice Programs to Prevent Crime/Violence and Substance Use
Evans, Caroline B.R., Mark W. Fraser, and Katie L. Cotter. 2014. “The Effectiveness of School-Based Bullying Prevention Programs: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 19:532–44. Juvenile Justice School-Based Prevention Programs for Bullying
Faggiano, Fabrizio, Silvia Minozzi, Elisabetta Versino, and Daria Buscemi. 2014. “Universal School-Based Prevention for Illicit Drug Use.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD003020. Juvenile Justice Universal School-Based Prevention Programs for Illicit Drug Use
Faggiano, Fabrizio, F.D. Vigna–Taglianti, Elisabetta Versino, A. Zambon, A. Borraccino, and P. Lemma. 2005. “Universal School-Based Prevention for Illicit Drug Use.” The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD003020.pub2. Juvenile Justice Universal School-Based Prevention Programs for Illicit Drug Use
Feder, Lynette, and David B. Wilson. 2005. “A Meta-Analytic Review of Court-Mandated Batterer Intervention Programs: Can Courts Affect Abusers’ Behavior?” Journal of Experimental Criminology 1:239–62. Courts Court-Mandated Batterer Intervention Programs
Feder, Lynette, David B. Wilson, and Sabrina Austin. 2008. “Court-Mandated Interventions for Individuals Convicted of Domestic Violence.” Campbell Systematic Reviews 12. Courts Court-Mandated Batterer Intervention Programs
Wilson, David B., Lynette Feder, and Ajima Olaghere. 2021. “Court-Mandated Interventions for Individuals Convicted of Domestic Violence: An Updated Campbell Systematic Review.” Campbell Systematic Reviews 17:e1151. Courts Court-Mandated Batterer Intervention Programs
Ferguson, Christopher J., Claudia San Miguel, John C. Kilburn, and Patricia Sanchez. 2007. “The Effectiveness of School-Based Antibullying Programs: A Meta-Analytic Review.” Criminal Justice Review 32(4):401–14. Juvenile Justice School-Based Antibullying Programs
Ferguson, Christopher John. 2007. “The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: A Meta-Analytic Review of Positive and Negative Effects of Violent Video Games.” Psychiatric Quarterly 78(4):309–16. Juvenile Justice Violent Video Games
Ferguson, L. Myles, and J. Stephen Wormith. 2013. “A Meta-Analysis of Moral Reconation Therapy.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 57:1076–1106. Corrections Moral Reconation Therapy
Filene, Jill H., Jennifer W. Kaminski, Linda Anne Valle, and Patrice Cachat. 2013. “Components Associated With Home Visiting Program Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis.” Pediatrics, accepted for publication Aug. 26, 2013. Victims and Victimization Home Visiting Programs
Filges, Trine, Anne–Sofie Due Knudsen, Majken Mosegaard Svenden, Krystyna Kowalski, Lars Benjaminsen, and Anne–Marie Klint Jørgensen. 2015. “Cognitive–Behavioural Therapies for Young People in Outpatient Treatment for Nonopioid Drug Use: A Systematic Review.” Campbell Systematic Reviews 3. Juvenile Justice Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Young People
Fisher, Benjamin W., and Emily A. Hennessy. 2016. “School Resource Officers and Exclusionary Discipline in U.S. High Schools: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” Adolescent Research Review 1:217–33. Juvenile Justice School Resource Officers and Exclusionary Discipline
Fontanarosa, Joann, Stacey Uhl, Olu Oyesanmi, and Karen M. Schoelle. 2013. “Interventions for Adult Offenders With Serious Mental Illness.” Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 121. (Prepared by the ECRI Institute Evidence-Based Practice Center under Contract No. 290–2007–10063–I.) AHRQ Publication No. 13–EHC107–EF. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; August 2013. www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reports/final.cfm Corrections Interventions for Adult Offenders With Serious Mental Illness
Hopkin, G.; S. Evans–Lacko; A. Forrester; J. Shaw; and G. Thornicroft. 2018. “Interventions at the Transition From Prison to the Community for Prisoners With Mental Illness: A Systematic Review.” Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 45:623–34. Corrections Interventions for Prisoners With Mental Illness
Garrett, Carol. 1985. “Effects of Residential Treatment on Adjudicated Delinquents: A Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 22(4):287–308. Juvenile Justice Treatment for Adjudicated Delinquents in Residential Treatment
Gase, Lauren N., Taylor Schooley, Amelia DeFosset, Michael A. Stoll, and Tony Ku. 2016. “The Impact of Teen Courts on Youth Outcomes: A Systematic Review.” Adolescent Research Review 1:51–67. Juvenile Justice Teen Court Programs
Gedney, Christine R., David S. Wood, Brad Lundahl, and Robert P. Butters. 2018. “Sexual Assault Prevention Efforts in the U.S. Air Force: A Systematic Review and Content Analysis.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 33(3):421–41. Crime Prevention Preventing Sexual Assault in the U.S. Air Force
Geeraert, Liesl, Wim Van den Noortgate, Hans Grietens, and Patrick Onghena. 2004. “The Effects of Early Prevention Programs for Families With Young Children at Risk for Physical Child Abuse and Neglect: A Meta-Analysis.” Child Maltreatment 9:277–91. Victims and Victimization Early Prevention Programs for Families With Young Children
Geraets, Anouk F.J., and Peter G. van der Velden. 2020. “Low-Cost Nonprofessional Interventions for Victims of Sexual Violence: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 53:101425. Corrections Low-Cost Nonprofessional Interventions for Victims of Sexual Violence
Gijzen, Mandy W.M., Sanne P.A. Rasing, Daan H.M. Creemers, Rutger C.M.E. Engels, and Filip Smit. 2022. “Effectiveness of School-Based Preventive Programs in Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors: A Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Affective Disorders 298:408–20. Juvenile Justice School-Based Prevention Programs for Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors
Givens, Ashley, Kimberly Moeller, and Terence L. Johnson. 2021. “Prison-Based Interventions for Early Adults With Mental Health Needs: A Systematic Review.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 65(5):613–30. Corrections Prison-Based Interventions for Prisoner Mental Health Needs
Godoy, Sarah M., Georgia E. Perris, Mikiko Thelwell, Antonia Osuna–Garcia, Elizabeth Barnert, Amy Bacharach, and Eraka P. Bath. 2022. “A Systematic Review of Specialty Courts in the United States for Adolescents Impacted by Commercial Sexual Exploitation.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, published online first. Corrections Specialty Courts for Adolescents Impacted by Commercial Sexual Exploitation
Goulet, Marie–Hélène, Caroline Larue, and Alexandre Dumais. 2017. “Evaluation of Seclusion and Restraint Reduction Programs in Mental Health: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 34:139–46. Crime Prevention Seclusion and Restraint Reduction Programs in Mental Health
Graham, Laurie M., Venita Embry, Belinda–Rose Young, Rebecca J. Macy, Kathryn E. Moracco, Heather Luz McNaughton Reyes, and Sandra L. Martin. 2019.” Evaluations of Prevention Programs for Sexual, Dating, and Intimate-Partner Violence for Boys and Men: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 22(3):439–65. Crime Prevention Prevention Programs for Sexual, Dating, and Intimate-Partner Violence for Boys and Men
Greenberg, Mark T., Celene Domitrovich, and Brian Bumbarger. 1999. Preventing Mental Disorders in School-Age Children: A Review of the Effectiveness of Prevention Programs. State College, Pa.: Prevention Research Center for the Promotion of Human Development, College of Health and Human Development, Pennsylvania State University. Juvenile Justice Mental Disorder Prevention Programs for School-Age Children
Grietens, Hans, and Walter Hellinckx. 2004. “Evaluating Effects of Residential Treatment for Juvenile Offenders by Statistical Meta-Analysis: A Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 9:401–15. Juvenile Justice Residential Treatment for Juvenile Offenders
Grossman, Elyse R., and Nancy A. Miller. 2015. “A Systematic Review of the Impact of Juvenile Curfew Laws on Public Health and Justice Outcomes.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 49(6):945–51. Juvenile Justice Juvenile Curfew Laws on Public Health and Justice Outcomes
Grove, Allen B., Steven W. Evans, Dena A. Pastor, and Samantha D. Mack. 2008. “A Meta-Analytic Examination of Follow-Up Studies of Programs Designed to Prevent the Primary Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant and Conduct Disorders.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 13:169–84. Juvenile Justice Programs to Prevent the Primary Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant and Conduct Disorders
Growns, Bethanym, Stuart A. Kinner, Elizabeth Conroy, Eileen Baldry, and Sarah Larney. 2018. “A Systematic Review of Supported Accommodation Programs for People Released From Custody.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 62(8):2174–94. Corrections Supported Accommodation Programs for People Released From Custody
Guay, Stephane, Dominic Beaulieu–Prevost, Josette Sader, and Andre Marchand. 2019. “A Systematic Literature Review of Early Posttraumatic Interventions for Victims of Violent Crime.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 46:15–24. Corrections Early Posttraumatic Interventions for Victims of Violent Crime
Gutermann, Jana, Franziska Schreiber, Simone Matulis, Laura Schwartzkopff, Julia Deppe, and Regina Steil. 2016. “Psychological Treatments for Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults: A Meta-Analysis.” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 19:77–93. Juvenile Justice Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatments for Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults
Hall, Gordon C. Nagayama. 1995. “Sexual Offender Recidivism Revisited: A Meta-Analysis of Recent Treatment Studies.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 63:802–09. Corrections Treatment for Reducing Recidivism Among Sexual Offenders
Healy, S.R.; J.Y. Valente; S.C. Caetano; S.S. Martins; and Z.M. Sanchez. 2020. “Worldwide School-Based Psychosocial Interventions and Their Effect on Aggression Among Elementary School Children: A Systematic Review 2010–19.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 55:101486. Juvenile Justice School-Based Psychosocial Interventions
Heard, Emma, Allyson Mutch, and Lisa Fitzgerald. 2017. “Using Applied Theater in Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention of Intimate-Partner Violence: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 21(1):138–56. Victims: Carol Petrie Applied Theater Prevention Programs for Intimate-Partner Violence
Hedrich, Dagmar, Paula Alves, Michael Farrell, Heino Stöver, Lars Møller, and Soraya Mayet. 2012. “The Effectiveness of Opioid Maintenance Treatment in Prison Settings: A Systematic Review.” Addiction 107:501–17. Drugs and Substance Abuse Opioid Maintenance Treatment for Prisoners
Hemmings, Stacey, Sharon Jakobowitz, Melanie Abas, Debra Bick, Louise M. Howard, Nicky Stanley, Cathy Zimmerman, and Sian Oram.2016. “Responding to the Health Needs of Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Systematic Review.” BMC Health Services Research 16:320–29. Victims and Victimization Responses for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Hermenau, Katharin, Katharina Goessmann, Niels Peter Rygaard, Markus A. Landolt, and Tobias Hecker. 2018. “Fostering Child Development by Improving Care Quality: A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Structural Interventions and Caregiver Trainings in Institutional Care.” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 18(5):544–61. Juvenile Justice Structural Interventions and Caregiver Trainings
Hettema, Jennifer, Julie Steele, and William R. Miller. 2005. “Motivational Interviewing.” Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 1:91–111. Drugs and Substance Abuse Motivational Interviewing
Hockenhull, J.C.; R. Whittington; M. Leitner; W. Barr; J. McGuire; M.G. Cherry; R. Flentje; B. Quinn; Y. Dundar; and R. Dickson. 2012. “A Systematic Review of Prevention and Intervention Strategies for Populations at High Risk of Engaging in Violent Behaviour: Update 2002–08.” Health Technology Assessment 16(3). Crime Prevention Prevention Strategies for Populations at High Risk of Engaging in Violent Behavior
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Keith, Thi, Fran Hyslop, and Robyn Richmond. 2022. “A Systematic Review of Interventions to Reduce Gender-Based Violence Among Women and Girls in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, published online first. Corrections Gender-Based Violence Interventions
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Kouyoumdjian, Fiona G., Kathryn E. McIsaac, Jessica Liauw, Samantha Green, Fareen Karachiwalla, Winnie Siu, Kaite Burkholder, Ingrid A. Binswanger, Lori Kiefer, Stuart A. Kinner, Mo Korchinski, Flora I. Matheson, Pam Young, and Stephen W. Hwang. 2015. “A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Interventions to Improve the Health of Persons During Imprisonment and in the Year After Release.” American Journal of Public Health 105:13–33. Corrections Health Improvement Interventions During Imprisonment
Lafuente, Jorge Carlos, Marta Zubiaur, and Carlos Gutierrez–García. 2021. “Effects of Martial Arts and Combat Sports Training on Anger and Aggression: A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 58:101611. Juvenile Justice Martial Arts and Combat Sports Training for Anger and Aggression
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Lemtra, Mark, Norman Bennett, Ushasri Nannapaneni, Cory Neudorf, Lynne Warren, Tanis Kershaw, and Christina Scott. 2008. “A Systematic Review of School-Based Marijuana and Alcohol Prevention Programs Targeting Adolescents Aged 10–15.” Addiction Research and Theory 18(1):84–96. Drugs and Substance Abuse School-Based Marijuana and Alcohol Prevention Programs
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Sokol, Rebeccah L., Justin Heinze, Jessica Doan, Meg Normand, Alison Grodzinski, Naomi Pomerantz, Briana A Scott, Maura Gaswirth, and Marc Zimmerman. 2021. “Crisis Interventions in Schools: A Systematic Review.” Journal of School Violence 20(2):241–60. Juvenile Justice School Crisis Intervention Programs
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Yoon, Isabel A., Karen Slade, and Seena Fazel. 2017. “Outcomes of Psychological Therapies for Prisoners With Mental Health Problems: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 85(8):783–802. Corrections Psychological Therapies for Prisoners With Mental Health Problems
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Zoogman, Sarah, Simon B. Goldberg, William T. Hoyt, and Lisa Miller. 2015. “Mindfulness Interventions With Youth: A Meta-Analysis.” Mindfulness 6:290–302. Juvenile Justice Mindfulness Interventions for Youth
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Jugl, Irina, Doris Bender, and Friedrich Lösel. 2021. "Do Sports Programs Prevent Crime and Reduce Reoffending? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Effectiveness of Sports Programs." Journal of Quantitative Criminology, published online first. Juvenile Justice Sports Programs Effects on Crime and Reduce Reoffending
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Why Meta-Analyses Are Screened Out

A meta-analysis is screened out if it does not meet all of the criteria described below.

  1. Intervention: The meta-analysis must include at least two program evaluations of the practice of interest.
  2. Aggregation: The meta-analysis must report an aggregate effect size. That is, the meta-analysis must aggregate or average the effects of at least two studies into a single estimate of the effectiveness of the treatment.
  3. Primary aim: The intervention that is the subject of the meta-analysis must focus on at least one of the following. The program or practice must:
    • Aim to prevent or reduce crime or delinquency, overt problem behaviors (such as aggression or gang involvement), or important risk factors for crime or delinquency (such as school failure);
    • Aim to prevent, intervene, or respond to victimization;
    • Aim to improve justice systems or processes; and/or
    • Target an offender population or an at-risk population (that is, individuals who have the potential to become involved in the justice system).
  4. Literature search: The meta-analysis must be based on a comprehensive and systematic search of the literature. To meet this criterion at least minimally, the search must include both of the following components:
    • At least two sources for identifying potentially eligible research must be used. Sources include, for example, different electronic bibliographies, Google type internet searches, hand searches of journals, contacting relevant researchers in the field, and reviewing the references in pertinent studies and prior reviews.
    • There is some indication that unpublished or “grey” literature was sought during the search, whether or not any unpublished research reports eventually met the eligibility criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Unpublished and grey literature are defined here as literature that is not controlled by commercial publishers, including for example, conference presentations, government and non-governmental agency technical reports, and theses/dissertations. Meta-analyses that explicitly state that only published or peer-reviewed research was included are ineligible. Meta-analyses that explicitly or actively excluded unpublished or non-peer-reviewed research are ineligible.
  5. Primary outcomes: The meta-analysis must report results on at least one eligible outcome, defined by CrimeSolutions to include:
    • Crime, delinquency, or overt problem behaviors (including aggression, gang involvement, or substance use), which may be presented as individual behaviors, community-level behaviors, crime rates, etc.;
    • Victimization;
    • Justice system practices or policies; or,
    • Risk factors for crime and delinquency, including school failure, psychological problems or mental illness, etc.

      Eligible outcomes must fall completely within one of the single construct categories listed below and cannot be combinations of constructs across more than one category. That is, constructs that are combinations of education and mental health outcomes would not be eligible unless the education and mental health outcomes were also reported separately.
  6. Control groups: The studies included in the meta-analysis must have appropriate control groups. Specifically, one of the following two conditions must be met:
    • An appropriate counterfactual condition is required for all included studies in a meta-analysis, or
    • In meta-analyses that include studies without control groups, results for controlled studies are reported separately from those of uncontrolled studies.
  7. Reporting of results: The meta-analysis must report a common quantitative index of results that represents the magnitude of the treatment effect (i.e., effect sizes) across included studies.
  8. Combining relationships: If the meta-analysis reports an average mean effect size calculation (for all studies or for subgroups of studies), only effect sizes in the same metric and measuring the same type of relationship are averaged together. This criterion has to do with the kinds of relationships and effect sizes that are combined rather than the types of programs that are combined. A meta-analysis that includes a diverse group of programs would not necessarily be problematic here. However, a meta-analysis that combined standardized mean difference effect sizes for treatment versus control comparisons with pretest-posttest change effect sizes would be ineligible unless the different effect size means were reported separately.
  9. Publication date: At least 50% of the studies included in the meta-analysis must be published or available on or after 1980.
  10. Age of samples: All of the studies included in the meta-analysis must involve offender participants that are either all juvenile or all adult. If the meta-analysis includes studies that involve both juveniles and adults, mean effect sizes must be reported separately for the juvenile and adult studies. Meta-analyses that include studies that themselves combine juveniles and adults in the same programs without providing any options for splitting the juvenile and adult samples would not be eligible. The age criterion does not apply for: (1) meta-analyses of practices or procedures that focus on areas, hot spots, surveillance, and the like, which do not typically involve identifiable offenders; or for (2) victim interventions.

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Date Modified: September 16, 2022

Updated through September 13, 2022

Date Created: April 29, 2022