We use rigorous research to inform you about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice and crime victim services. We set a high bar for the scientific quality of the evidence used to assign ratings. Much of the evidence that we identify is screened out before going to review.
Following is a list of program for which the associated evaluations were screened out during the initial review. Listed with each program are references to the evaluation(s) and other supplemental documents that were screened. See Why Program Evaluations Are Screened Out.
|13-Hour 20-Minute Work Shifts for Law Enforcement (Phoenix, Arizona Study)||Law Enforcement||
Bell, Leonard B., Thomas B. Virden, Deborah J. Lewis, and Barry A. Cassidy. 2015. “Effects of 13-Hour 20-Minute Work Shifts on Law Enforcement Officers’ Sleep, Cognitive Abilities, Health, Quality of Life, and Work Performance: The Phoenix Study.” Police Quarterly 18(3):293–337.
1976 JD/LD Project
Simpson, Stephen B., James Swanson, and Ken Kunkel. 1992. "The Impact of an Intensive Multisensory Reading Program on a Population of Learning–Disabled Delinquents." Annals of Dyslexia 42:54–66.
|A Management Program for Youth Who Have Committed a Sexual Crime (Lucas County, Ohio)||Juvenile Justice||
Lovins, Lori Brusman, Jamie Rae Yoder, and Stuart Berry. 2017. “Evaluation I: Recidivism Outcomes From a Management Program for Youth Who Have Committed a Sexual Crime.” Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 56(6):394–411.
|A Relational Sequence for Engagement (ARISE)||Drugs||
Landau, Judith, M. Duncan Stanton, David Brinkman-Sull, David Ikle, David McCormick, James Garrett, Gloria Baciewicz, Robert R. Shea, Ashley Browning, and Frederick Wamboldt. 2004. "Outcomes with the ARISE Approach to Engaging Reluctant Drug- and Alcohol-Dependent Individuals in Treatment." American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 30(4):711-48.
|A Rural Care-Farming Program (Australia)||Juvenile Justice||Norwood, Michael Francis, Ali Lakhani, Annick Maujean, Martin Downes, Simone Fullagar, Michelle McIntyre, Jason Byrne, Anna Stewart, Bonnie L. Barber, and Elizabeth Kendall. 2019. "Assessing Emotional and Social Health Using Photographs: An Innovative Research Method for Rural Studies and Its Applicability in a Care-Farming Program for Youth." Evaluation and Program Planning 77:101707.|
|A Woman's Addiction Workbook||Drugs||
Lisa M. Najavits, Marshall Rosier, Alan Lee Nolan, and Michael C. Freeman. 2007. "A New Gender-Based Model for Women's Recovery From Substance Abuse: Results of a Pilot Outcome Study." American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 33:5-11.
Najavits, Lisa M. 2002. A Woman's Addiction Workbook. Oakland, Calif: New Harbinger.
|Aban Aya Youth Project||Juvenile Justice||
Flay, Brian R., Sally Graumlich, Eisuke Segawa, James L. Burns, and Michelle Y. Holliday. 2004. “Effects of 2 Prevention Programs on High-Risk Behaviors Among African American Youth.” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 158:377–84.
Segawa, Eisuke, Job E. Ngwe, Yanhong Li, Brian R. Flay, and Aban Aya Coinvestigators. 2005. “Evaluation of the Effects of the Aban Aya Youth Project in Reducing Violence Among African American Adolescent Males Using Latent Class Growth Mixture Modeling Techniques.” Evaluation Review 29:128–47.
Liu, C. Li, Brian R. Flay, and Aban Aya Investigators. 2009. “Evaluating Mediation in Longitudinal Multivariate Data: Mediation Effects for the Aban Aya Youth Project Drug Prevention Program.” Prevention Science 10:197–207.
|ABC ‘‘All Children in Focus’’ Program (Sweden)||Juvenile Justice||
Enebrink, Pia, Maja Danneman, Valeria Benvestito Mattsson, Malin Ulfsdotter, Camilla Jalling, and Lene Lindberg. 2015. “ABC for Parents: Pilot Study of a Universal 4-Session Program Shows Increased Parenting Skills, Self-efficacy and Child Well-Being.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 24(7):1917–1931.
|Above the Influence/National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign on Youths||Juvenile Justice||
Scheier, Lawrence M., Jerry L. Grenard, and Kristen D. Holtz. 2011. "An Empirical Assessment of the Above the Influence Advertising Campaign." Journal of Drug Education 41(4):431-61.
Hornik, Robert, Lela Jacobsohn, Robert Orwin, Andrea Piesse, and Graham Kalton. 2008. "Effects of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign on Youths." American Journal of Public Health 98:2229-36.
|Academic Tutoring and Social Skills Training||Juvenile Justice||
Coie, John D., and Gina Krehbiel. 1984. "Effects of Academic Tutoring on the Social Status of Low-Achieving, Socially Rejected Children." Child Development 55:1465-78.
|Accelerated Community Entry Program||Courts||
Knollenberg, Laura, and Valerie A. Martin. 2008. "Community Reentry Following Prison: A Process Evaluation of the Accelerated Community Entry Program." Federal Probation 72(2):54-60.
|Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART)||Corrections||
Kip, Kevin E., Laney Rosenzweig, Diego F. Hernandez, Amy Shuman, Kelly L. Sullivan, Christopher Long, James Taylor, Stephen McGhee, Sue Ann Girling, Trudy Wittenberg, Frances M. Sahebzamani, Cecile A. Lengacher, Rajendra Kade, and David M. Diamond. 2013. “Randomized Controlled Trial of Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART) for Symptoms of Combat-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).” Military Medicine 178(12):1298–1309.
Kip, Kevin E., Laney Rosenzweig, Diego F. Hernandez, Amy Shuman, David M. Diamond, Sue Ann Girling, Kelly L. Sullivan, Trudy Wittenberg, Ann M. Witt, Cecile A. Lengacher, Brian Anderson, and Susan C. McMillan. 2014. “Accelerated Resolution Therapy for Treatment of Pain Secondary to Symptoms of Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.” European Journal of Psychotraumatology 5:1–12.
|Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (Aboriginal Women)||Corrections||
Riley, Ben J., David Smith, and Michael F. Baigent. 2019. “Mindfulness and Acceptance– Based Group Therapy: An Uncontrolled Pragmatic Pre–Post Pilot Study in a Heterogeneous Population of Female Prisoners.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 63(15–16):2572–2585.
|ACE Overcomers Program||Victims||
Cameron, Linda D., Paul Carroll, and W. Kyle Hamilton. 2018. “Evaluation of an Intervention Promoting Emotion Regulation Skills for Adults With Persisting Distress Due to Adverse Childhood Experiences.” Child Abuse & Neglect 79:423–33.
|ACEs Public-Private Initiative (APPI) (Washington State)||Juvenile Justice||
Verbitsky-Savitz, Natalya, Margaret B. Hargreaves, Samantha Penoyer, Norberto Morales, Brandon Coffee-Borden, and Emilyn Whitesell. 2016. Preventing and Mitigating the Effects of ACEs by Building Community Capacity and Resilience: APPI Cross-Site Evaluation Findings. Washington, D.C.: Mathematica Policy Research.
|Achieve My Plan Enhancement for Wraparound||Juvenile Justice||
Walker, Janet S., Celeste L. Seibel, and Sharice Jackson. 2017. “Increasing Youths’ Participation in Team-Based Treatment Planning: The Achieve My Plan Enhancement for Wraparound.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 26:2090–2100.
|Achieving Change Through Values-Based Behavior (ACTV)||Victims||Zarling, Amie, Sarah Bannon, and Meg Berta. 2019. "Evaluation of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Domestic Violence Offenders." Psychology of Violence 9(3):257-66.|
|Acoustic Gunshot Locations Systems (St. Louis, Mo.)||Crime Prevention||
Mares, Dennis, and Emily Blackburn. 2012. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Acoustic Gunshot Location System in St. Louis, MO." Policing:1-17.
|Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program||Victims||
Pinzone-Glover, Holly A., Christine A. Gidycz, and Cecilia Dine Jacobs. 1998. "An Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program: Effects on Attitudes Toward Women, Rape-Related Attitudes, and Perceptions of Rape Scenarios." Psychology of Women Quarterly 22: 605-21.
Gidycz, Christine A., Melissa J. Layman, Cindy L. Rich, Marie Crothers, Julius Gylys, Abigail Matorin, and Cecilia Dine Jacobs. 2001. "An Evaluation of an Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program: Impact on Attitudes, Sexual Aggression, and Sexual Victimization." Journal of Interpersonal Violence 16(11): 1120-38.
|Action for Children's Safe and Secure Network||Juvenile Justice||
Campbell, Rebecca, Giannina Fehler Cabral, Steven J. Pierce, Dhruv B. Sharma, Deborah Bybee, Jessica Shaw, Sheena Horsford, and Hannah Feeney. 2015. “The Detroit Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Action Research Project (ARP), Final Report.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
Coren, Esther, Manuela Thomae, Jameela Hutchfield, and Wendy Iredale. 2013. "Report on the Implementation and Results of an Outcomes-focused Evaluation of Child Sexual Abuse Interviews." Child Abuse Review 22:44-59.
|Action-Research Team to Address Sexual Assault Cases||Corrections||
National Institute of Justice. 2016. “Forming an Action-Research Team to Address Sexual Assault Cases.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
|Active All Year Round (Denmark)||Juvenile Justice||Guldager, Julie Dalgaard, Jesper von Seelen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen, and Anja Leppin. 2020. "Do Student Social Background and School Context Affect Implementation of a School-Based Physical Activity Program?" Evaluation and Program Planning 82:101844.|
|Adams County (Colo.) Truancy Reduction Project||Juvenile Justice||Heilbrunn, Joanna Zorn. 2003. "The Costs and Benefits of Three Intensive Interventions With Colorado Truants." Denver, Colo.: National Center for School Engagement.|
|Adapting Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (BCBT) for Group Therapy (Spain)||Juvenile Justice||
Santesteban-Echarri, Olga, Laura Hernández-Arroyo, Simon M. Rice, M. José Güerre-Lobera, María Serrano-Villar, José Carlos Espín-Jaime, and Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Arriero. 2018. “Adapting the Brief Coping Cat for Children with Anxiety to a Group Setting in the Spanish Public Mental Health System: A Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Pilot Study.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 27:3300–3315.
|Adept Drug and Alcohol Community Prevention Project (ADACPP)||Juvenile Justice||
Ross, James G., Pedro J. Saavedra, Gail H. Shur, Franklin Winters, and Robert D. Felner. 1992. "The Effectiveness of an After-School Program for Primary Grade Latchkey Students on Precursors of Substance Abuse." Journal of Community Psychology, OSAP Special Issue:22-38.
|Adolescent Mentalization-Based Integrative Therapy (AMBIT) (UK)||Juvenile Justice||
Bevington, Dickon, Peter Fuggle, Peter Fonagy, Mary Target, and Eia Asen. 2013. “Innovations in Practice: Adolescent Mentalization-Based Integrative Therapy (AMBIT) – A New Integrated Approach to Working With the Most Hard to Reach Adolescents With Severe Complex Mental Health Needs.” Child and Adolescent Mental Health 18(1):46–51.
|Adult Basic Education (Florida)||Corrections||
Cho, Rosa Minhyo, and John H. Tyler. 2013. "Does Prison-Based Adult Basic Education Improve Postrelease Outcomes for Male Prisoners in Florida?" Crime & Delinquency 59:975.
|Adult Civil Citation (ACC) and Pre-Trial Intervention (PTI)||Corrections||
Kopak, Albert M. 2020. “A Matched-Samples Comparison of Pre-Arrest and Post-Booking Diversion Programs in Florida’s Second Judicial District.” Justice Evaluation Journal 1–27.
|Adult Civil Citation Network (Florida)||Courts||
Kopak, Albert M., J. Jordan Cowart, Greg Frost, and Ashley Ballard. 2015. “The Adult Civil Citation Network: An Innovative Pre-Charge Diversion Program for Misdemeanor Offenders.” Journal of Community Corrections 25(1):5–12.
Kopak, Albert M., and Gregory A. Frost. 2017. “Correlates of Program Success and Recidivism Among Participants in an Adult Pre-Arrest Diversion Program.” American Journal of Criminal Justice 42(4):727–45.
|Adult Drug Court (Texas)||Courts||
Frailing, Kelly, and Diana Carreon. 2016. “Quiero Hablar Con Usted en Espanol, Juez: The Importance of Spanish at a Majority Hispanic Drug Court.” Criminal Justice Policy Review 27(2):164–81.
|Adult Felony Drug Court in a Metropolitan City||Corrections||Gibbs, Benjamin R., and Robert Lytle. 2020. "Drug Court Participation and Time to Failure: An Examination of Recidivism Across Program Outcome." American Journal of Criminal Justice 45(2):215-35.|
|Adult Mental Health Court (Florida)||Courts||
Costopoulos, Julie S., and Bethany L. Wellman. 2017. “The Effectiveness of One Mental Health Court: Overcoming Criminal History.” Psychological Injury and Law 10:254–63.
|Adult Supervision of Juvenile in Police Custody (England)||Law Enforcement||
Pierpoint, Harriet. 2008. "Quickening the PACE? The Use of Volunteers as Appropriate Adults in England and Wales." Policing and Society 18(4):397-410.
|Adult Transition Centers (Illinois)||Corrections||
Jung, H. 2014. “Do Prison Work-Release Programs Improve Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes? Evidence from the Adult Transition Centers in Illinois.” Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 53(5): 384–402.
|Advocacy Intervention in Mental Health in Chinese Women Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence||Victims||
Tiwari, Agnes, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Kwan Hok Yuen, Helina Yuk, Polly Pang, Janice Humphreys, and Linda Bullock. 2010. "Effect of an Advocacy Intervention on Mental Health in Chinese Women Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence." Advocacy Intervention and Intimate Partner Violence 304(5):536-43.
|Affective Imagery Training||Juvenile Justice||Garrison, Stuart R., and Arnold Stolberg. 1983. "Modification of Anger in Children by Affective Imagery Training." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 11(1):115-30.|
Craig Shelley L., and Ashley Austin. 2016. “The AFFIRM Open Pilot Feasibility Study: A Brief Affirmative Cognitive Behavioral Coping Skills Group Intervention for Sexual and Gender Minority Youth.” Children and Youth Services Review 64:136–44.
|Aftercare Services for Juvenile Parolees with Mental Disorders||Juvenile Justice||
Stevens, Jack, Kelly Kelleher, and John Hayes. 2014. Aftercare Services for Juvenile Parolees with Mental Disorders: A Collaboration Between the Ohio Department of Youth Services (DYS) and Columbus Children’s Research Institute. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
|Aggression Replacement Training for Violent Young Men (Netherlands)||Crime Prevention||
Hornsveld, Ruud H. J., Floris W. Kraaimaat, Peter Muris, Almar J. Zwets, and Thijs Kanters. 2015. “Aggression Replacement Training for Violent Young Men in a Forensic Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30(18):3174–3191.
Smeijers, D., E. Bulten, J. Buitelaar, and R.J. Verkes. 2018. “Treatment Responsivity of Aggressive Forensic Psychiatric Outpatients.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 62(12):3834–52.
Smeijers, D., E. Bulten, J. Buitelaar, and R.J. Verkes. 2018. “Associations Between Neurocognitive Characteristics, Treatment Outcome, and Dropout Among Aggressive Forensic Psychiatric Outpatients.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 62(12):3853–72.
Beals-Erickson, Sarah E., and Michael C. Roberts. 2016. “Youth Development Program Participation and Changes in Help-Seeking Intentions.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 25(5):1634–1645.
Etemadi, Afsaneh, Mahdi Zarebahramabadi, and Roksana Mirkazemi. 2015. “Effect of Al-Anon Attendance on Family Function and Quality of Life in Women in Mashhad, Iran.” The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 41(5):442–48.
|Alcohol Arrest Referral||Drugs||
Hopkins, Matt, and Paul Sparrow. 2006. "Sobering up: Arrest Referral and Brief Intervention for Alcohol Users in the Custody Suite." Criminology & Criminal Justice 6(4): 389-410.
|Alcohol de Baas (Netherlands)||Drugs||
Postel, Marloes G., Elke D. ter Huurne, Hein A. de Haan, Job van der Palen, and Cor A. J. de Jong. 2015. “A 9-Month Follow-Up of a 3-Month Web-Based Alcohol Treatment Program Using Intensive Asynchronous Therapeutic Support.” The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 41(4):309–16.
|Allegheny County (Pa.) Mental Health Court||Courts||
Falk, Kimberly C., and Stephanie Moravec. 2011. An Analysis of Allegheny County Mental Health Court. Pittsburgh, PA: Allegheny County Department of Human Services.
Office of Behavioral Health Justice Related Services Unit. 2009. Mental Health Court Report 2009. Pittsburgh, PA: Allegheny County Department of Human Services.
M. Susan Ridgely, John Engberg, Michael D. Greenberg, Susan Turner, Christine DeMartini, and Jacob W. Dembosky. 2007. Justice, Treatment, and Cost: An Evaluation of the Fiscal Impact of Allegheny County Mental Health Court. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND.
|Allen County (Ind.) Reentry Court||Courts||
Pearson-Nelson, Benjamin. 2008. Reentry Court Program Evaluation. Fort Wayne, IN: Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne, School of Public and Environmental Affairs.
|Alley-Gating in Cadoxton (South Wales, England)||Crime Prevention||
Rogers, Colin. 2007. "Alley-Gates: Theory and Practice-A Perspective From Urban South Wales." Crime Prevention and Community Safety 9: 179-200.
|Alternative Sanctions for Drug Users (Belgium)||Drugs||
DeWree, Eveline, Lieven Pauwels, Charlotte Colman, and Brice DeRuyver. 2009. "Alternative Sanctions for Drug Users: Fruitless Efforts or Miracle Solution?" Crime Law and Social Change 52:513-25
|AMBER Alert||Juvenile Justice||
Griffin, Timothy. 2010. "An Empirical Examination of AMBER Alert successes.'" Journal of Criminal Justice 38:1053-62.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2012. AMBER Alert Best Practices. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs.
Griffin, Timothy, Monica K. Miller, Jeffrey Hoppe, Amy Rebideaux, and Rachel Hammack. 2007. "A Preliminary Examination of AMBER Alert's Effects." Criminal Justice Policy Review 18(4):378-94.
|Anchorage (Alaska) PACE (Probation Accountability with Certain Enforcement)||Corrections||
Carns, Teresa W., and Stephanie Martin. 2011. Anchorage PACE (Probation Accountability with Certain Enforcement): A Preliminary Evaluation of the Anchorage Pilot PACE Project. Anchorage, Alaska: Alaska Judicial Council.
|Anger Management for Combat Veterans with PTSD||Crime Prevention||
Van Voorhees, Elizabeth E., Kirsten H. Dillon, Sarah M. Wilson, Paul A. Dennis, Lydia C. Neal, Alyssa M. Medenblik, Patrick S. Calhoun, Eric A. Dedert, Kelly Caron, Nivedita Chaudhry, Jeffrey D. White, Eric Elbogen, and Jean C. Beckham. 2019. “A Comparison of Group Anger Management Treatments for Combat Veterans With PTSD: Results From a Quasi-Experimental Trial.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260519873335