In January 2020, Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) received a final program rating of No Effects based on review of Lattimore and colleagues (2016) that focused only on measures of recidivism. In February 2021, CrimeSolutions conducted a re-review of the full study by Lattimore and colleagues (2018), examining measures of recidivism (any arrest charge, new convictions, and any probation violations), and measures of substance misuse (drug test results). The program maintained a final rating of No Effects.
Date Modified: March 23, 2021
Date Created: April 27, 2020